What is streaming and how does it work?

What is streaming and how does it work

What does streaming mean?

Streaming is a concept that applies to the transmission of a continuous data stream audio or video from the Internet while it plays. Streaming technology makes it possible to view or hear a live broadcast as it is downloaded from the Internet. With streaming, it is not necessary to wait for the complete download to be able to reproduce the information.

How does streaming work?

Current devices are equipped with a memory for temporary use (known as a cache or buffer), in which the data that is downloaded from the internet is stored. As the downloaded data is reproduced, the device discards it, thus allowing it to continue storing the new information that is arriving.

To maintain a constant flow it is important to have a stable internet connection since not all media consume the same amount of data, if the memory empties very quickly and the data arrives very slow (for example 4K videos), interruptions occur or pause in playback.

To avoid these failures due to connection problems, it is important to know how many Megabits per second (Mbps) are required for a certain service.

It is a whole process that includes codes and passes automatically at enormous speed, but we will explain it simply, comparing streaming with the delivery of a mail package.

Processes of a streaming service:

1. Coding

It is the process in which the files are put into a special format necessary to be broadcast live. The music for example is transmitted in mp3 or VP8 (Technology that uses YouTube for audio) this would be like the marking of packages in the mail.

2. Bit sequence

Imagine that the files, already converted to their special formats, are placed in containers so that they can be sent, it is just what the sequence of Bits means.

3. Transportation

Now that everything is labelled and arranged in containers, a protocol is followed for sending the information packets to the client.

Ways to consume streaming

You have probably already used this technology but under other names, how streaming is consumed every day are:

1. Internet television

To watch the same programs as television through the internet, it is necessary to enter a website or through the television provider’s application, IP television, as it has also been baptized, has a lot of potentials, because it allows users to see their Favorite shows from a mobile device without an ad break.

2. Netflix

Considered the largest streaming platform today, Netflix has the quality of having popularized the live transmission of movies and series and has practically revolutionized the audiovisual entertainment industry.

3. Spotify

Spotify is the one that popularized streaming in music and podcast, of course, being an audio-only transmission it is much lighter.

4. Live broadcasts on social networks

It is the fastest and easiest way to produce and consume live broadcasts, anyone with a smartphone and a good packet of data can watch or produce a broadcast over the internet.

5. Internet radio

The first online radio originated in 1993 and more than 20 years later the market has grown enormously, the company ego streaming public in 2014 that 10,500 people listen to Internet radio between 5 and 8 hours daily, showing that more and more people are listening to the radio. by digital means replacing the traditional one.

What is the best device for streaming?

All Smartphones, Smart Tv’s, consoles and modern computers can perfectly reproduce Streaming and if they start to have problems with the transmission speed, you can review our article on 5 reasons that cause problems with internet speed.

As electronic equipment is of higher range, it could better receive data transmission. But we must remember that it is useless to have a high-quality phone, television, laptop or tablet if your internet connection is slow.

And it is that when you have to look for a good team specialized in Streaming to transmit the data, instead of just receiving it, you need Symmetric Internet. Youtubers and Gamers are the main consumers of these services.

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